Impact of COVID-19 on Residency Training in Tertiary Health Institutions- A National Survey https://doi.org/10.60787/NMJ-63-4-39

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Kelechi E Okonta
Daprim S Ogaji
Okechukwu S Ogah
Oladimeji Adebayo
Ugo U Enebeli
Musliu Adetola Tolani
Ayokunmi Sowade
Tope E Adeyemi
Oluwaseyi Ogunsuji
Olayinka Atilola
Olusegun Olaopa
Charles P Okpani
Emeka M Okonta
Aliyu Sokomba
King-David T Yawe

Keywords

COVID-19, Residency Training, Tertiary Health Institutions, Nigeria

Abstract

Background: The emergence of COVID-19 had a massive impact on the health system globally. While many kinds of literature report the impact on postgraduate medical training in other parts of the world, this cannot be said about Nigeria.


Methods: This was a national cross-sectional study among Resident doctors via an online google form survey for 8-months. Stratified cluster design where the entire country was stratified into the six geopolitical zones, and Tertiary Health Institutions (THI) were randomly selected from each zone. Data from the 47-item google form were analysed with Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 23, and internal consistency reliability was measured by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Categorical variables were compared using chi-square, and the p-value was <0.05.


Results: A total of 239 residents from THI in all six geopolitical zones completed the survey. The mean± standard deviation of the age of respondents, years in practice, and years in residency were 36.3±4.4); 10.2±7.6 years, and 4.2±2.6 years, respectively. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.95. Less than half had delayed the progression of residency (44.4%). The least strongly positive impacts were related to recruitments (4.2%), laboratory testing (4.2%), and ward rounds (4.2%); and the more strongly positive disruptive impact was on postgraduate seminars (9.2%), research (8.4%), professional examinations (8.0%) and residents’ clinical schedules (8.0%).


Conclusion: COVID-19 has caused a considerable delay in residents' training programs, and resident doctors have great concerns regarding the pandemic. This impact is perceived by them in almost all aspects of the training.

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